The Foundation took part in a joint project between UNDP, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, and the Development and Reconstruction Council. 101 Stories, published in Arabic was part of the 4th National Human Development Report, it constituted of different stories shedding the light on various civil society initiative which promotes positive reform. The publication reveals the importance of the civil society in its effective role in advocating citizens’ rights and promoting awareness and its partnership with governmental institutions in policy implementing and reforming.
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Public Engagement in Water Management in the MENA region – PEWM (2011-2012)
- The “Public Engagement in Water Management” (PEWM) is a project funded by the World Bank, and managed by the Arab Water Council. The project was implemented at both the regional and national scale in 6 Arab countries. Each country has nominated a focal point. AFIAL was the focal point for Lebanon.
AFIAL role was to establish a national project implementation team consisting of members from public and private water organizations and utilities. NGOs, civil society, media and academics. The teams were asked to prepare a work plan guided by the recommendations of the launch workshop in December 2009. The activities were mainly to empower the public and engage them in the water management and to have tools to monitor and evaluate the quality of water services.
- Achieve water security for sustainable development, and economic and social growth of the Arab people, through the Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM).
- Raise the level of awareness of water problems and issues, and the importance of cooperation between stakeholders.
- Support the role of civil society in monitoring water use.
- Facilitate the dialogue between the civil society and the decision makers.
The PEWM project is divided into two main components:
- Component one: Baseline diagnosis of water governance indicators.
- Analysis of current monitoring indicators of water use and water management in the region.
- Development of a regional network of water management indicators.
- Creation of Web library of benchmark data.
- Component two: Strengthening civil society involvement in assessing their country’s water service performance.
- Creation of a civil society – government dialogue about water management, policies and programs.
- Strengthening public participation and engagement in water management.
- Action plan to improve information flow for civil society participation in water management.
- Creation of a National Committee representing the different sectors.
- Creation of a national website.
- Creation of a multi-stakeholders National Committee. Four preparatory meetings were held to assess the indicators and suggest new source of data.
- Workshops: Using a participatory approach, AFIAL and the National Committee organized the first interactive workshop which included a wide range of representatives from different sectors, to discuss and evaluate the indicators. A second workshop was organized to finalize the indicators, and present recommendations to strengthen the involvement of the civil society in the water management.
AFIAL - UNIFIL, Project
During December 2011, the United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon (UNIFIL), in cooperation with the Association of the Friends of Ibrahim Abd El Al (AFIAL) and local municipalities, organized an awareness campaign on the blue line in the Southern Lebanon (drawn after 2006 war on Lebanon). The campaign’s main aim was to educate the public about conversation and protection of water resources.
Target groups/ beneficiaries: 24 Public Intermediate High Schools along the blue line (initially along the BL and subsequently across UNIFIL’s Area of Operation).
- Raise public awareness on the most critical water issues, such as conservation and protection of water resources.
- Educate and instill in the youngsters new habits and behavior aimed at preserving water resources.
- Promote the participation of the young generation in eco -friendly activities aimed at promoting the conservation, protection and prudent use of water resources.
- Strengthen closer collaboration with local communities and civil society.
Expected impact on the target groups:
- Qualitative Indicators: Improvement in awareness, behavior and attitude of water users.
- Quantitative Indicators:
- Water conservation strategies taught during the campaign are implemented at least in the schools.
- Improved health of village residents due to reduction in water pollution.
- Reduced consumption of water in the villages resulting in fewer shortages.
- Environmental awareness of students and residents raised.
- Reduced health hazards due to water pollution.
- Youth are sensitized and aware of water scarcity and pollution.
- Youth are more environmentally involved and actively participate in eco friendly activities/initiatives in their region.
- Good cooperation is developed and relations established between youth groups belonging to different communities/village for sharing of best practices on the issue of water preservation and conservation.
- Improvement in awareness, behavior and attitude of water users.
The local municipalities and community members were very enthusiastic and are keen in supporting the project and will facilitate the activities of the youths in forming environmental committees in their village, thereby contributing to future development of sustainable and eco friendly projects.
Adaptation to Climate Change of the Mediterranean Agricultural Systems (ACLIMAS), a demonstration project under the framework of the regional program Sustainable Water Integrated Management: Support Mechanism (SWIM – SM), funded by the European Union. The participating countries are: Italy, Spain, United Kingdom, Syria, Morocco, Tunisia, Egypt, Jordan, and Lebanon, coordinated by the International Centre for Advanced Mediterranean Agronomic Studies (CIHEAM) – Istituto Agronomico Mediterraneo of Bari (IAMB). Nationally, the project is implemented by the Lebanese Agricultural Research Institute (LARI) in partnership with the Foundation of the Friends of Ibrahim AbdEl Al (AFIAL), and supervised by the Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerch (CNR – ISAFOM) – Italy.
The ACLIMAS overall objective is to bring a durable improvement in the agricultural water management and a broader economic development, by promoting the adaptation of Mediterranean agricultural systems to climate change through a multidisciplinary integrated approach that combines improved genotypes, locally-tailored land and water management techniques.
- Setup the initial conditions for lasting promotion of sustainable agricultural practices.
- Demonstrate the applicability for the selected combinations of genotypes and water management practices.
- Adapt/stabilize agricultural production through large scale on-ground implementation.
- Evaluate the on-ground sustainability of the proposed adaptation measures.
- Train local farmers on the proposed management practices.
- Disseminate the results of the action.
AFIAL provided technical support on the project in cooperation with LARI, through the different stages of the project implementation.
AFIAL organized field trips and training courses for farmers, technicians, and water managers, to:
- Disseminate the outcomes from the experimental and demonstration activities.
- Provide technical assistance on the questions and answers (Q&A) for the involved farmers and stakeholders, in order to upgrade their technical know-how capacity.
hydro agricultural development project in marjeyoun (2009-2012)
The initial project is the “Canal 800” project on the Litani River, which is a series of distribution networks designed to provide water for irrigation from the “Qaroun” Dam in West Bekaa to an area of about 15,000 hectares south of the Litani River in South Lebanon.
The “Hydro Agricultural Development Project of Marjeyoun” is a pilot project on the Canal 800 that will establish the methodology to be followed for implementing canal 800.
This project was initiated by the Association of the Friends of Ibrahim Abd El Al. The project was funded by the Government of Spain through the Lebanon Recovery Fund (LRF) that was established shortly after the 2006 war of Lebanon. The United Nations Development Program (UNDP) managed the funds and implementation of the project in close collaboration with the national partners, the Litani River Authority and AFIAL. The project covered an area of approximately 522 hectares in the Marjeyoun North Perimeter. More than 1259 farmers benefit from the project activities.
The creation, preparation of legislation and implementation of Water Users Association for irrigation.
- Set the infrastructure for the distribution network.
- Highlight the advantages and efficiency of modern irrigation techniques.
- Suggest the new cropping patterns in the region with their socio-economic impact.
- Support the establishment of Water Users Association.
The project had a direct impact on the livelihood of the local communities affected by the July 2006 war on Lebanon by extending the areas suitable for agriculture and provided direct assistance ti the farmers through securing wheat seeds, or other field crops, to be cultivated on their lands for two consecutive years.
The Association is partner in the Mediterranean Dialogue on Framing Sustainability in Water Policy Evaluation – SWAP.
Having national or regional policies aligned towards sustainability is worth to enhance sustainable development of the water sector in the entire region. In order to ensure sustainable development of water sector, evaluation of policy implementation must take into account the main international principles, the real societal needs accounting goals and indicators of sustainability raised in a participatory process. The main objective of the project is to contribute to the strengthening of knowledge and assessment capability in water policy making and implementation in a Mediterranean context. This main objective will contribute to improving Euro-Mediterranean policy alignment towards sustainability, supporting the more general European strategy of sustainable development.
Another important contribution will be given to the further alignment of future cooperative research projects towards sustainable development and to water management in its whole.
- Mapping and selection of stakeholders.
- Contacting stakeholders and verifying availability.
- Building Fora.
- Preparation of questionnaires for stakeholder analysis survey.
- Elaboration of survey results.
- Local meeting for project presentation, discussion of stakeholders analysis, and defining fora agenda.
- Conveying stakeholders in meetings and guide discussion.
- Stimulating stakeholders in making more explicit the economic, social, environmental and institutional priorities to which the policy under evaluation is specifically targeted.
- Defining of sustainability goals and indicators that are more relevant for the community involved in the policy implementation.
- Assessing the effective availability of data and information to measure the indicators.
- A time table for the data collection and elaboration.
- Collecting and analyzing of information and data monitor achievement of goals according to indicators.
- Conveying the fora in a cycle of local meeting for discussion of ongoing work for validating the work.
- Preparing recommendations for policy-makers.
- Reviewing evaluation policy results including perspectives and recommendations.
AFIAL was involved as a sub-contractor for the Litani River Authority (LRA) in the project Science Policy Interfacing in support of the Water Framework Directive Implementation (WFD).
- Analysis and evaluation of projects on Litani River Basin that are of potential use for the WFD implementation.
- Dissemination activities through the use of a science-policy interfacing instrument in the context of the development of WFD in river basin management plans.
- Development of EU Water Initiative/ WFD joint process activities for facilitating the implementation of Integrated Water Resources Management principles in non EU countries.
- Detailed GIS Maps and reference data on the Litani River (LRB)
- Geographical limits of Water Authorities mandates.
- Gauging stations location
- Defining LRB sub-catchments.
- Forest Cover
- Settlement distribution.
- Main aquifers.
- Data Collection
- Environmental and water legal framework.
- Domestic and industrial water demands.
- Protected areas.
- Existing and planned LRA irrigation projects.
- Hydrological structures of LRA.
- Solid waste disposal sites.
- Major sources of sewage.
- Flood prone areas.
- Water Bodies.